According to report and researches of the Illinois Department of Public Health, two out of every three new cases of HIV infections appear in women due to unprotected sexual intercourse in the United States.
HIV infection comes in three stages. First stage is known as acute infection, second stage is called as asymptomatic period and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the last stage of HIV infection.
First Stage Of HIV: Acute Infection
In the early stage, a short “flu-like” illness often described as “Worst Flu Ever” within few weeks after HIV infection. HIV is most contagious during first stage.
The initial symptoms of acute HIV infection may include:
- Muscle Pain
- Joint Pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Aching muscles
- Sore throat
- Red rash that doesn’t itch, usually on the torso.
Second Stage Of HIV: Asymptomatic Period
After the first stage, HIV continues and goes in to the second stage that is called as Asymptomatic Period (long period without any symptoms). In this stage, HIV infection produces at very low level, although it is still active.
Advanced and last stage of HIV: AIDS
Our immune system can’t kill the HIV virus and AIDS is advanced stage of HIV infection.
The last symptoms of AIDS may include:
- Cough and shortness of breath
- Soaking night sweats
- Seizures and lack of coordination
- Difficult or painful swallowing
- Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness
- Severe and persistent diarrhea
- Extreme and unexplained tiredness
- Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
- Nausea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting
- Rapid Weight loss and extreme fatigue
- Severe headaches with neck stiffness